Praise God Almighty for all his grace so that this paper can be arranged to complete and timely.
Here we present a paper entitled "explanatory text". And we hope this paper hopes to increase knowledge and experience for the readers, for the future can improve the shape of the paper or add to make it better again.
Due to lack of knowledge and experience, we believe there are still many shortcomings in this paper, therefore we welcome any suggestions and constructive criticism from readers for the perfection of this paper.


A.     Background
B.     Problem Formulation
1.      Definition of explanatory text
2.      Structure of explanatory text
3.      The explanatory text Linguistic Characteristics
4.      Objectives of explanatory text
5.      Steps Develop explanatory text
6.      Differences explanatory text with other text
7.      Types of explanatory text
8.      Example of explanatory text
A.     Conclusion

C.     Background
Explanation comes from a foreign language (English) which means the act of describing or explaining and testimony, statements or facts that explain.
 Definition of explanatory text is a text that contains the processes associated with natural phenomena, social, scientific, cultural, and others.
In this chapter we will discuss the explanatory text in the natural phenomena related to natural disasters as well as the social phenomenon of society.
The natural disaster is a natural event resulting in great impact for populas imanusia. Natural events may include floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, landslides, blizzards, droughts, hail, heat waves, cyclones, tropical storms, typhoons, tornadoes, wildfires and disease
Natural disasters can lead to a damaging impact on the economic, social and environmental. Damage to infrastructure can disrupt social activities, the impact in the social field includes death, injury, illness, loss of shelter and community chaos, while the environmental damage may include destruction of forests that protect land
 Social phenomenon is a condition in which people take everything that happened is an absolute truth. In fact, it is actually the truth is made apparent through the simulation of symbols, codes are imaged in such of a correct object.
D.    Problem Formulation
1.      What is the meaning of the explanatory text?
2.      What is the structure of explanation in the text?
3.      How explanatory text linguistic characteristics?
4.      What is the purpose of the explanatory text?
5.      What steps compose the text of explanation?
6.      What is the difference explanatory text with other text?
7.      What are the types of explanatory text?
8.      What examples and explanatory text?


9.      Definition of explanatory text
Text is the text that contains explanation about the 'why' and 'how' of events-it happened natural, social, scientific, cultural, and others may occur. Text explanation is an article that describes the process of something or the formation of a natural phenomenon or social events.
Explanatory text is a text that contains the processes associated with natural phenomena, social, scientific, cultural, and others. In conclusion explanatory text is a text or an article that contains the "why" and "how" of a phenomenon can occur, either natural phenomena or social phenomena.
10.  Structure of explanatory text
Explanatory text structure is divided into three parts, namely:
a.       General Statement (opening)
Contains a general statement about a topic, which will be explained the process of its existence, the occurrence, the process of its existence, the occurrence, the process of formation, etc. Should be concise, interesting, and clear, which is able to arouse the reader's interest to read the details.
b.      Clarifying series (contents)
Filled with detailed explanation of the process of existence, the occurrence. Relative to answer the question 'how', the answer is in the form of a statement. Possible given the gradual process needs to be explained, first, second, third, etc.
c.       Cover / Interpretation
Contains conclusions or statements on topics / processes described.
11.  The explanatory text Linguistic Characteristics
Using language that is easily understood, used according to the rules Indonesian EYD
Ø  Focus on common things, not human patisipan
Ø  Using scientific term
Ø  Using technical terminology
Ø  Using a noun phrase and adverbial
Ø  Using conjunctions time / klousal (if, if, so, etc.)
Ø  The language is concise, interesting, and clear
Ø  Using active verbs and the passive voice
12.  Objectives of explanatory text
The purpose of writing the text of explanation, namely:
Ø  To explain the phenomena that occur (natural and social)
Ø  To account for why this phenomenon occurs
Ø  To explain how the phenomenon
13.  Steps Develop explanatory text
To compose the text of explanation we should pay attention to the various steps are as follows
Ø  Determining the topic / theme
Ø  Setting goals
Ø  Collecting data from various sources
Ø  Develop outline according to the topic selected
Ø  Develop a framework to text explanation
14.  Differences explanatory text with other text
a.       Explanation: Describes how things happen. Section explanatory texts include a general statement, explanatory series, and cover or interpretation.
b.      Procedure: Describes how membuatsesuatu. Part text among other preliminary procedures, tools and materials as well as steps.
c.       Narrative: Telling an event. The structure consists of orientation, complication and resolution.
d.      Descriptive: It tells you something but more specific. The structure consists of the identification, classification / definition and description of parts
15.  Types of explanatory text
a.       According to the phenomenon
·        Natural phenomena
An event that occurred around the nature of life, such as natural disasters.
·        The social phenomena
An event that occurred in the community
b.      According to the dessert section
There is a part of the cover: the cover portion at the end of the text.
·        No part of the cover: there is no cover at the end of the text.
16.  Example of explanatory text
Example Explanation Text and Explanatory Notes
earthquake image for a full description and examples along with explanation text
How Earthquakes Happen
Earthquake is one of the most destroying natural disasters. Often unluckily it happens in Several regions. Recently a horrible earthquake has shaken West Sumatra. It has brought great damages. Why did it occur? Do you know how an earthquake happens?
Earthquakes are usually the caused when the underground rock Suddenly breaks along a fault. This sudden release of energy causes the seismic waves. It is the make the ground shake. When two blocks of rock or two plates are rubbing against each other, they stick a little. They do not just slide smoothly. The rocks are still pushing against each other, but not moving. After a while, the rocks break because of all the pressure that's built up. When the rocks break, the earthquake Occurs.
During the earthquake and afterward, the plates or blocks of rock start moving, and they continue to move until they get stuck again. The spot where the rock breaks underground is called the focus of the earthquake. The place right above the focus is called the epicenter of the earthquake
The first paragraph is about General Statement (general statement). Viewed from the text certainly is an Earthquake GSnya happening.
The second paragraph: Squenced of explanation is an explanation of how the Earthquake could occur. Earthquakes can occur basically because it "breaks Suddenly underground rock along a fault". Another explanation is about the chronology of how the underground rock breaks along a fault.
Third paragraph: closing certifying that the earth's shifting plates have persisted and explained that the point where the rock beneath the earth experienced a fracture (where the rock breaks) referred to as the Focus of the eartquake and place on top of the point called the epicenter of earthquake


B.     Conclusion
Explanatory text is the text or article containing the "why" and "how" of a phenomenon can occur, either natural phenomena or social phenomena. Each text in Indonesian has a structure, purpose, characteristics and how to prepare different. Explanatory text text text almost similar to the others but after surgery we can see clearly the difference of each text.






2016 / 2017

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